Autism and Occupational Therapy Milestones

Finding out if your child has Autism is an important developmental step during your child’s 1 to 2-year checkup. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) typical displays as a child having difficulty in areas of behavioral and social development. As parents, it’s important being prepared and vigilant, finding out if your child is experiencing some delays in these areas can be tracked during regular doctor’s appointments, yet require some parent knowledge on what to report during the visit. Being familiar with the typical child development markers is a great first step to identifying concerns and even working towards future goals for all children! Work with your pediatrician if you have doubt in your child’s early development. If you are able to spot some signs early, you can help your child learn how to curve those behaviors and allow them to catch up on those milestone, regardless if they may have ASD.

Here are some important milestones and skills to note:
As Infants:
Do they turn their head when their name is called?
Are they receptive to your touch, and recognize when are near?
Do they give you eye contact when you speak to them?
Are they interested in playing with you? How do they react when you play with them? Do they exude happiness? Are they not receptive to the
Can they grasp items with their fingers?
Can they express different emotions?
Do they engage in “baby talk”?
Can they communicate with you verbally, or using their gestures to show you they want something?
Do they display tantrums or aggressive behavior?
Do they follow, point or guiding?

As Children:
Are they are infatuated over repetitive behaviors that can include ( ex. tapping, scratching, echoing words or noises, banging their head against walls/tables, rocking back and forth)
Disconnected emotionally with other individuals
Never shares their feelings about what they have done in school (ex. achievements)
Uncomfortable with touch, or being held. (ex. Resent hugs or cuddling)
Do they request for help?
Are they fixated on one toy?
Do they have a hard time transitioning in different settings? Going from a home to the store?

What Might Cause Autism?

Researchers have tried to figure out the real cause of autism but there has not been one true indicator of the what the issue might be. There are many environmental, genetics, or even biological factors that can play a large role in causing Autism. It is difficult to pinpoint the cause and standardized symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder since each person is very different. Autism has been renamed as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to reflect the vast variation of